# On-line Steiner trees in the Euclidean plane

*Corresponding author for this work

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## Abstract

Suppose we are given a sequence of n points v1, . . . , vn in the Euclidean plane, and our objective is to construct, on-line, a connected graph that connects all of them, trying to minimize the total sum of lengths of its edges. We assume that the points appear one at a time, vi arriving at step i. At the end of step i, the on-line algorithm must construct a connected graph Ti that contains the points v1, . . . , vi by connecting the new point vi to the previously constructed graph Ti-1. This can be done by joining vi (not necessarily by a straight line) to any point of Ti-1, which need not necessarily be one of the previously given points vj. The performance of our algorithm is measured by its competitive ratio: the supremum, over all sequences v1, . . . , vn as above, of the ratio between the total length of the graph constructed by our algorithm and the total length of the best Steiner tree that connects all the points v1, . . . , vn. There are known on-line algorithms whose competitive ratio is O(log n), but there is no known nontrivial lower bound for the best possible competitive ratio. Here we prove that the upper bound is almost tight by establishing an Ω(log n/log log n) lower bound for the competitive ratio of any on-line algorithm. The lower bound holds for deterministic algorithms as well as for randomized ones, and obviously holds in any Euclidean space of dimension greater than 2 as well.

Original language English Eighth Annual Symposium On Computational Geometry Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) 337-343 7 0897915178, 9780897915175 https://doi.org/10.1145/142675.142744 Published - 1992 Eighth Annual Symposium On Computational Geometry - Berlin, GerDuration: 10 Jun 1992 → 12 Jun 1992

### Publication series

Name Eighth Annual Symposium On Computational Geometry

### Conference

Conference Eighth Annual Symposium On Computational Geometry Berlin, Ger 10/06/92 → 12/06/92

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