Octreotide for treatment of postoperative alimentary tract fistulas

Haim Paran*, David Neufeld, Ofer Kaplan, Joseph Klausner, Uri Freund

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eighteen patients with postoperative fistulas of the gastrointestinal tract were treated with the somatostatin analog octreotide between November 1989 and November 1992. Fourteen patients had enterocutaneous fistulas: seven from the duodenum and seven from the ileum. Another three patients had pancreatic fistulas, and one patient had a biliary fistula. Within 24 hours of octreotide treatment, a mean reduction of 52% in the intestinal fistulas' output, 40% in the pancreatic fistulas, and 30% in the biliary fistula was noted. In the intestinal fistulas group the closure rate was 72% after a mean of 11 days. Early closure (mean 6 days) was achieved in all three pancreatic fistulas. In the patient with the biliary fistula a 30% reduction was observed twice following the administration of octreotide, and an increase occurred when it was withheld. The reduction rate of the secretions in high-output intestinal fistulas (>500 ml/day) was higher than in the low-output fistulas (63±8% versus 39±4%, p<0.05). Fistula output and the initial response to octreotide treatment had no value in predicting spontaneous healing. In conclusion, octreotide is a valuable tool for the conservative treatment of fistulas of the digestive tract. It is especially valuable for management of high-output enteric fistulas and pancreatic fistulas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-433
Number of pages4
JournalWorld Journal of Surgery
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1995

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Octreotide for treatment of postoperative alimentary tract fistulas'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this