Octahydroxypyridine[4]arene self-assembles spontaneously to form hexameric capsules and dimeric aggregates

Tamar Evan-Salem, Yoram Cohen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In recent years it has been observed that resorcin[4]arenes and pyrogallol[4]arenes form hydrogen-bonded hexameric capsules in nonpolar solvents. In the present study we have used NMR spectroscopy, with an emphasis on diffusion NMR, to investigate the self-assembly and the aggregation mode of solutions of octahydroxypyridine[4]arene (1b) in chloroform. In spectroscopic studies, the hexameric capsule of C-undecylresorcin[4]arene (2 b) was used as a reference compound and in some cases also as an internal reference. The current diffusion NMR spectroscopy study shows, in contrast to a previous report, that compound lb self-assembles spontaneously into hexameric and dimeric aggregates in solutions in chloroform. The 1H NMR and diffusion NMR spectroscopic studies on a solution of lb in CHCl3 show the presence of new upfield-shifted peaks, which diffuse with the same diffusion coefficient as the hexameric peaks in the spectrum. Therefore, these new upfield-shifted peaks were attributed to encapsulated CHCl3 molecules. Interestingly, diffusion NMR measurements showed that the addition of trifluoroacetic acid (6.7 equiv), which had no effect on the hexameric capsules of 2 b, led to the disassembly of the hexamer and the dimer of lb into its monomers. Therefore, we conclude that compound lb self-assembles spontaneously into hexameric capsules in nonpolar organic solvents, as do resorcin[4]arenes 2b and 2c and pyrogallol [4] arenes 3a and 3b.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7659-7663
Number of pages5
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number27
StatePublished - 2007


  • Hexameric capsules
  • Hydrogen bonds
  • NMR spectroscopy
  • Self-assembly
  • Supramolecular chemistry


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