Occupation as a potential contributing factor for temporomandibular disorders, bruxism, and cervical muscle pain: A controlled comparative study

Alona Emodi Perelman, Ilana Eli, Pessia F. Rubin, Tzvi Greenbaum, Shimrit Heiliczer, Ephraim Winocur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of the study was to compare the prevalence of cervical muscle pain (CMP) and myogenic temporomandibular disorders (MFP) among female dentists, high-tech workers, and a group of subjects employed in other occupations; to investigate the associations among CMP, MFP, and bruxism in those groups; and to evaluate the influence of work-related stress on MFP and CMP. Evaluation was based on clinical examinations of MFP and CMP and self-reported questionnaires concerning pain and stress. The diagnosis of sleep bruxism was adapted using the validated diagnostic criteria of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD-2), 2005, Westchester, IL), whilst the diagnosis of awake bruxism was made on the basis of a questionnaire. The odds of a subject with MFP experiencing concurrent CMP or bruxism (sleep and/or awake) ranged from 2.603 to 3.077. These results suggest that high-tech workers and dentists are at greater risk for developing temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and CMP when compared with general occupation workers, as defined in this study. Furthermore, the associations shown here between TMDs and CMP highlight the importance of palpating neck musculature as part of any routine examination of TMD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-361
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences
Volume123
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Bruxism
  • Cervical pain
  • Myogenic pain
  • Occupation
  • Stress

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