Occult myocardial injury is prevalent amongst elderly patients in the hospital-at-home setting. A retrospective analysis of 213 patients

Y. Marziano, E. Abutbul, A. Sharabi, E. Grossbard, A. Berman, R. Kassif-Lerner, G. Barkai, H. Hakim, G. Segal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hospital-at-Home (HAH) is a valid alternative for in-hospital stay for a wide variety of clinical indications. Occult myocardial injury, associated with acute illness, mainly occurs in patients with a background of non-obstructive coronary disease. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of this phenomenon in our HAH population. Methods: A retrospective description and analysis of data collected for patients admitted to the Sheba beyond's HAH services during 14 months. Results: During a period of 14 months (7/10/21–6/12/22), blood troponin measurements were available for 213 patients (median age 78 years, 52% males) hospitalized mainly for infectious causes. The median HS (highly sensitive) troponin level was 7.7 ng/L (IQR = 13.2 ng/L) (the normal upper limit is 12 ng/L) with 31% of all patients demonstrating an abnormally increased troponin level (68/213). Of all patients, 64% had a background diagnosis of a cardiovascular disease (138/213), of whom, 49% had abnormal HS troponin levels (68/138). No patient suffered from acute cardiac function deterioration and no patient died during their hospital-at-home stay. Conclusion: The prevalence of occult myocardial injury amongst elderly patients admitted to hospital-at-home stay for diagnoses other than myocardial infarction is relatively high but it is not associated with worse short-term clinical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number200215
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology: Cardiovascular Risk and Prevention
Volume19
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Hospital-at-home
  • Myocardial injury
  • Occult myocardial damage
  • Telemedicine
  • Troponin

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