Occlusive mesenteric ischemia in chronic dialysis patients

Boris Zingerman, Yaacov Ori, Asher Korzets, Michal Herman-Edelstein, Netta Lev, Benaya Rozen-Zvi, Eli Atar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Among dialysis patients, occlusive mesenteric vascular disease has rarely been reported. Objectives: To report on the experience of one center with regard to diagnosing and treating this complication. Methods: The retrospective case-series involved six patients (3 females, 3 males; age 52–88 years; 5/6 were smokers) on chronic hemodialysis at a single center. All patients with symptoms suggestive of occlusive mesenteric disease and a subsequent angiographic intervention were included. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected from patient charts for the period before and after angioplasty and stenting of the mesenteric vessels. A Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare the relevant data before and after the intervention. Results: All participants had variable co-morbidities and postprandial abdominal pain, food aversion, and weight loss. CT angiography was limited due to heavy vascular calcifications. All underwent angioplasty with stenting of the superior mesenteric artery (4 patients) or the celiac artery (2 patients). All procedures were successful in resolving abdominal pain, malnutrition, and inflammation. Weight loss before was 15 ± 2 kg and weight gain after was 6 ± 2 kg. C-reactive protein decreased from 13.4 ± 5.2 mg/dl to 2.2 ± 0.4 mg/dl (P < 0.05). Serum albumin increased from 3.0 ± 0.2 g/dl to 3.9 ± 0.1 g/dl (P < 0.05). Two patients underwent a repeat procedure (4 years, 5 months, respectively). Follow-up ranged from 0.5–7 years. Conclusions: Occlusive mesenteric ischemia occurs among dialysis patients. The diagnosis requires a high degree of suspicion, and it is manageable by angiography and stenting of the most involved mesenteric artery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)590-594
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume23
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Abdominal angina
  • Chronic kidney disease-5 (CKD-5)
  • Hemodialysis
  • Mesenteric ischemia

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