Obstetric and perinatal outcomes of in vitro fertilization and natural pregnancies in the same mother

Hadas Ganer Herman*, Yossi Mizrachi, Ayala Shevach Alon, Yasmin Farhadian, Ohad Gluck, Jacob Bar, Michal Kovo, Arieh Raziel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Objective: To compare obstetric and perinatal outcomes between pregnancies conceived using in vitro fertilization (IVF) and natural pregnancies of the same women. Design: This was a case-control study of deliveries between November 2008 and January 2020 in which each IVF pregnancy was matched to a natural pregnancy of the same woman (1:1 ratio). Setting: University hospital. Patient(s): We included women with consecutive live singleton deliveries (>24 weeks of gestation) at the Edith Wolfson Medical Center. We excluded IVF pregnancies attained using egg donation. Intervention(s): In vitro fertilization–attained pregnancies (as compared with natural ones). Main Outcome Measure(s): Primary outcome: preterm birth (PTB). Secondary outcomes: small for gestational age (SGA) neonates and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH; gestational hypertension or pre-eclampsia). Result(s): A total of 544 IVF pregnancies were matched to 544 natural pregnancies, each in the same woman. In 292 women (53.7%), the natural pregnancy preceded the IVF pregnancy. Maternal age was significantly higher in IVF deliveries. Gestational age at delivery and the rates of PTB, PIH, instrumental delivery, cesarean delivery, and SGA neonates were comparable between IVF and natural pregnancies. Birth weight was slightly lower in IVF pregnancies. On multivariate analysis, IVF was not independently associated with PTB, SGA, or PIH after adjustment for confounders. Conclusion(s): When compared in a cohort of the same women, natural and IVF-attained pregnancies did not differ with regard to obstetric and perinatal outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)940-946
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2021


  • In vitro fertilization
  • natural pregnancy
  • pre-eclampsia
  • preterm birth
  • small for gestational age


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