Obstetric and Neonatal Outcomes following COVID‐19 Vaccination in Pregnancy

Ravit Peretz‐machluf, Galit Hirsh‐yechezkel, Inna Zaslavsky‐paltiel, Adel Farhi, Nir Avisar, Liat Lerner‐geva, Raanan Meyer, Abraham Tsur, Yoav Yinon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

COVID‐19 infection imposes a risk for pregnant individuals and may lead to adverse maternal and obstetric outcomes. This is a retrospective cohort study of all women giving birth between March and July 2021 at a single tertiary center. Obstetric and neonatal outcomes were compared between vaccinated and non‐vaccinated pregnant women with singleton pregnancies. Women with prior COVID‐19 infection, multiple gestations and stillbirth were excluded from the study. Of 4708 women who delivered during the study period, 3700 met the eligibility criteria, of whom 3240 were vaccinated during pregnancy. Compared with the non‐vaccinated group, the vaccinated group was characterized by a lower rate of smoking (3.70% vs 6.67%, p = 0.0028), whereasother maternal characteristics were not significantly different. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that COVID‐19 mRNA vaccination was not significantly associated with increased risk of preterm birth as well as other adverse obstetric outcomes including hypertensive diseases of pregnancy, cesarean delivery and small for gestational age. However, a significantly lower risk for meconium‐stained amniotic fluid was observed among the vaccinated group (adjusted odds ratio 0.63; 95% confidence interval, 0.46–0.86, p = 0.0039). Moreover, the vaccine was not significantly associated with increased risk of neonatal adverse outcomes including respiratory complications and NICU hospitalization. In conclusion, BNT162b2 messenger RNA vaccination during pregnancy was not associated with an increased rate of adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes. Therefore, in view of its safety on one hand, and the risk associated with COVID‐19 disease in pregnancy on the other hand, BNT 162b2 COVID‐ 19 vaccine should be recommended for pregnant women.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2540
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2022

Keywords

  • BNT162b2 vaccine
  • COVID‐19
  • meconium
  • neonatal outcome
  • obstetric outcome
  • pregnancy
  • prenatal vaccination

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