Observational signatures of SNIa progenitors, as predicted by models

Y. Hillman, D. Prialnik, A. Kovetz, M. M. Shara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A definitive determination of the progenitors of Type Ia supernovae (SNIa) has been a conundrum for decades. The single degenerate scenario - a white dwarf (WD) in a semi-detached binary system accreting mass from its secondary - is a plausible path; however, no simulation to date has shown that such an outcome is possible. In this study, we allowed aWDwith a near Chandrasekhar mass of 1.4M to evolve over tens of thousands of nova cycles, accumulating mass secularly while undergoing periodic nova eruptions. We present themass accretion limits within which an SNIa can possibly occur. The results showed, for each parameter combination within the permitted limits, tens of thousands of virtually identical nova cycles where the accreted mass exceeded the ejected mass, i.e. the WD grew slowly but steadily in mass. Finally, the WD became unstable, the maximal temperature rose by nearly two orders of magnitude, heavy element production was enhanced by orders of magnitude and the nuclear and neutrino luminosities became enormous. We also found that this mechanism leading to WD collapse is robust, with WDs in the range 1.0-1.38M, and an accretion rate of 5 × 10-7M yr-1, all growing steadily in mass. These simulations of the onset of an SNIa event make observationally testable predictions about the light curves of pre-SN stars, and about the chemistry of SNIa ejecta.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1924-1930
Number of pages7
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume446
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Binaries: close
  • Methods: numerical
  • White dwarfs

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