Observation on the incorporation cone in the rat

Ruth Shalgi*, David M. Phillips, P. F. Kraicer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


At the time of in vivo sperm–egg fusion in the rat, a small region of the oolemma under the head of the fertilizing sperm is observed to be free of microvilli. The microvilli‐free region increases in area, and by one hour after sperm–egg contact extends over an area 20–30 μ in circumference and bulges out to form an “incorporation cone” visible by light microscopy. The microvilli‐free incorporation cone reaches its maximum size at about two hours after sperm–egg interaction. It soon becomes smaller and has disappeared three to four hours after sperm–oocyte fusion. The cone cytoplasm is characterized by a 0.1 μ zone of thin filaments below the plasma membrane. Cytochalasin‐B, 2.5 μg/ml, prevents formation of the cone or destroys the intact cone. It is suggested that micro filaments may be involved in the formation of the incorporation cone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-37
Number of pages11
JournalGamete Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1978


  • fertilization
  • incorporation cone
  • oocyte


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