Observation of four-top-quark production in the multilepton final state with the ATLAS detector

ATLAS Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper presents the observation of four-top-quark (tt¯ tt¯) production in proton-proton collisions at the LHC. The analysis is performed using an integrated luminosity of 140 fb - 1 at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV collected using the ATLAS detector. Events containing two leptons with the same electric charge or at least three leptons (electrons or muons) are selected. Event kinematics are used to separate signal from background through a multivariate discriminant, and dedicated control regions are used to constrain the dominant backgrounds. The observed (expected) significance of the measured tt¯ tt¯ signal with respect to the standard model (SM) background-only hypothesis is 6.1 (4.3) standard deviations. The tt¯ tt¯ production cross section is measured to be 22.5-5.5+6.6 fb, consistent with the SM prediction of 12.0 ± 2.4 fb within 1.8 standard deviations. Data are also used to set limits on the three-top-quark production cross section, being an irreducible background not measured previously, and to constrain the top-Higgs Yukawa coupling and effective field theory operator coefficients that affect tt¯ tt¯ production.

Original languageEnglish
Article number496
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Volume83
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023

Funding

FundersFunder number
BSF-NSF
CEA-DRF
Cantons of Bern and Geneva
DNSRCIN2P3-CNRS
EU-ESF
GenT Programmes Generalitat Valenciana, Spain
La Caixa Banking Foundation
MIZŠ
MNE
Norwegian Financial Mechanism2014-2021
PROMETEO
RGC
UNCESCI/013
Wallenberg Foundation
U.S. Department of Energy
Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung
CRC Health Group21/SCI/017
CRC Health Group
Canarie
H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions
Multiple Sclerosis Scientific Research Foundation
CERN
Compute Canada
Göran Gustafssons Stiftelser
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
National Research Council Canada
Canada Foundation for Innovation
Science and Technology Facilities Council
Leverhulme Trust
European Research Council
European Cooperation in Science and Technology
Australian Research Council
National Stroke Foundation
Neurosurgical Research Foundation
Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
Minerva Foundation
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Agence Nationale de la Recherche
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Danmarks Grundforskningsfond
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo
National Natural Science Foundation of China
Ministerstvo Školství, Mládeže a Tělovýchovy
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Austrian Science Fund
Generalitat de Catalunya
Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China
Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Wirtschaft
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico
Nella and Leon Benoziyo Center for Neurological Diseases, Weizmann Institute of Science
Israel Science Foundation
Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
Narodowe Centrum Nauki
Javna Agencija za Raziskovalno Dejavnost RS
Ministarstvo Prosvete, Nauke i Tehnološkog Razvoja
Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación
Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique et Technique
Staatssekretariat für Bildung, Forschung und Innovation
Horizon 2020
British Columbia Knowledge Development Fund
European Regional Development Fund
Defence Science Institute
Narodowa Agencja Wymiany Akademickiej
Institutul de Fizică Atomică
Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo
Royal Society of South Australia
Irish Rugby Football Union

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