Observation of electroweak production of two jets and a Z-boson pair

ATLAS Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Electroweak symmetry breaking explains the origin of the masses of elementary particles through their interactions with the Higgs field. Besides the measurements of the Higgs boson properties, the study of the scattering of massive vector bosons with spin 1 allows the nature of electroweak symmetry breaking to be probed. Among all processes related to vector-boson scattering, the electroweak production of two jets and a Z-boson pair is a rare and important one. Here we report the observation of this process from proton–proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 139 fb−1 recorded at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. We consider two different final states originating from the decays of the Z-boson pair: one containing four charged leptons and another containing two charged leptons and two neutrinos. The hypothesis of no electroweak production is rejected with a statistical significance of 5.7σ, and the measured cross-section for electroweak production is consistent with the Standard Model prediction. In addition, we report cross-sections for inclusive production of a Z-boson pair and two jets for the two final states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-253
Number of pages17
JournalNature Physics
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Funding

FundersFunder number
BSF-NSF
CEA-DRF
Cantons of Bern and Geneva
DNSRCIN2P3-CNRS
EU-ESF
GIF, Israel
GenT Programmes Generalitat Valenciana, Spain
La Caixa Banking Foundation
MES of Russia
MIZŠ
Norwegian Financial Mechanism2014-2021
PROMETEO
RGC
Wallenberg Foundation
National Science Foundation
U.S. Department of Energy
Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung
Canarie
H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions
Multiple Sclerosis Scientific Research Foundation
CERN
Compute Canada
Göran Gustafssons Stiftelser
Azərbaycan Milli Elmlər Akademiyası
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
National Research Council Canada
Canada Foundation for Innovation
Science and Technology Facilities Council
Leverhulme Trust
Royal Society
European Research Council
European Cooperation in Science and Technology
Australian Research Council
Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Agence Nationale de la Recherche
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Danmarks Grundforskningsfond
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo
National Natural Science Foundation of China
Ministerstvo Školství, Mládeže a Tělovýchovy
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Austrian Science Fund
Generalitat de Catalunya
Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China
Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Wirtschaft
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico
National Research Foundation of Korea
Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
Nella and Leon Benoziyo Center for Neurological Diseases, Weizmann Institute of Science
Israel Science Foundation
Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
Narodowe Centrum Nauki
Javna Agencija za Raziskovalno Dejavnost RS
Ministarstvo Prosvete, Nauke i Tehnološkog Razvoja
Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación
Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique et Technique
Staatssekretariat für Bildung, Forschung und Innovation
Horizon 2020
British Columbia Knowledge Development Fund
European Regional Development Fund
Defence Science Institute
Council on grants of the President of the Russian Federation
National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute"
Narodowa Agencja Wymiany Akademickiej
Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo
Irish Rugby Football Union

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