Observation of a New Narrow Axial-Vector Meson a1(1420)

C. Adolph, R. Akhunzyanov, M. G. Alexeev, G. D. Alexeev, A. Amoroso, V. Andrieux, V. Anosov, A. Austregesilo, C. Azevedo, B. Badełek, F. Balestra, J. Barth, R. Beck, Y. Bedfer, J. Bernhard, K. Bicker, E. R. Bielert, R. Birsa, J. Bisplinghoff, M. BodlakM. Boer, P. Bordalo, F. Bradamante, C. Braun, A. Bressan*, M. Büchele, E. Burtin, W. C. Chang, M. Chiosso, I. Choi, S. U. Chung, A. Cicuttin, M. L. Crespo, Q. Curiel, S. Dalla Torre, S. S. Dasgupta, S. Dasgupta, O. Yu Denisov, L. Dhara, S. V. Donskov, N. Doshita, W. Dünnweber, V. Duic, M. Dziewiecki, A. Efremov, P. D. Eversheim, W. Eyrich, M. Faessler, A. Ferrero, M. Finger, M. Finger, H. Fischer, C. Franco, N. Du Fresne Von Hohenesche, J. M. Friedrich, V. Frolov, F. Gautheron, O. P. Gavrichtchouk, S. Gerassimov, I. Gnesi, M. Gorzellik, S. Grabmüller, A. Grasso, M. Grosse-Perdekamp, B. Grube, T. Grussenmeyer, A. Guskov, F. Haas, D. Hahne, D. Von Harrach, R. Hashimoto, F. H. Heinsius, F. Herrmann, F. Hinterberger, N. Horikawa, N. D'Hose, C. Yu Hsieh, S. Huber, S. Ishimoto, A. Ivanov, Yu Ivanshin, T. Iwata, R. Jahn, V. Jary, P. Jörg, R. Joosten, E. Kabuß, B. Ketzer, G. V. Khaustov, Yu A. Khokhlov, Yu Kisselev, F. Klein, K. Klimaszewski, J. H. Koivuniemi, V. N. Kolosov, K. Kondo, K. Königsmann, I. Konorov, V. F. Konstantinov, A. M. Kotzinian, O. Kouznetsov, M. Krämer, P. Kremser, F. Krinner, Z. V. Kroumchtein, N. Kuchinski, F. Kunne, K. Kurek, R. P. Kurjata, A. A. Lednev, A. Lehmann, M. Levillain, S. Levorato, J. Lichtenstadt, A. Maggiora, A. Magnon, N. Makins, N. Makke, G. K. Mallot, C. Marchand, A. Martin, J. Marzec, J. Matousek, H. Matsuda, T. Matsuda, G. Meshcheryakov, W. Meyer, T. Michigami, Yu V. Mikhailov, Y. Miyachi, A. Nagaytsev, T. Nagel, F. Nerling, D. Neyret, V. I. Nikolaenko, J. Novy, W. D. Nowak, A. S. Nunes, A. G. Olshevsky, I. Orlov, M. Ostrick, D. Panzieri, B. Parsamyan, S. Paul, J. C. Peng, F. Pereira, M. Pesek, D. V. Peshekhonov, S. Platchkov, J. Pochodzalla, V. A. Polyakov, J. Pretz, M. Quaresma, C. Quintans, S. Ramos, C. Regali, G. Reicherz, C. Riedl, E. Rocco, N. S. Rossiyskaya, D. I. Ryabchikov, A. Rychter, V. D. Samoylenko, A. Sandacz, C. Santos, S. Sarkar, I. A. Savin, G. Sbrizzai, P. Schiavon, S. Schmeing, K. Schmidt, H. Schmieden, K. Schönning, S. Schopferer, T. Schlüter, A. Selyunin, O. Yu Shevchenko, L. Silva, L. Sinha, S. Sirtl, M. Slunecka, F. Sozzi, A. Srnka, M. Stolarski, M. Sulc, H. Suzuki, A. Szabelski, T. Szameitat, P. Sznajder, S. Takekawa, J. Ter Wolbeek, S. Tessaro, F. Tessarotto, F. Thibaud, V. Tskhay, S. Uhl, J. Veloso, M. Virius, S. Wallner, T. Weisrock, M. Wilfert, K. Zaremba, M. Zavertyaev, E. Zemlyanichkina, M. Ziembicki, A. Zink

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The COMPASS Collaboration at CERN has measured diffractive dissociation of 190GeV/c pions into the π-π-π+final state using a stationary hydrogen target. A partial-wave analysis (PWA) was performed in bins of 3π mass and four-momentum transfer using the isobar model and the so far largest PWA model consisting of 88 waves. A narrow peak is observed in the f0(980)π channel with spin, parity and C-parity quantum numbers JPC=1++. We present a resonance-model study of a subset of the spin-density matrix selecting 3π states with JPC=2++and 4++decaying into ρ(770)π and with JPC=1++decaying into f0(980)π. We identify a new a1meson with mass (1414-13 +15)MeV/c2and width (153-23 +8)MeV/c2. Within the final states investigated in our analysis, we observe the new a1(1420) decaying only into f0(980)π, suggesting its exotic nature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number082001
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume115
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Aug 2015

Funding

FundersFunder number
Agence Nationale de la Recherche
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
Israel Science Foundation
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
Narodowe Centrum Nauki
National Research Foundation of Korea
Seventh Framework Programme283286
Seventh Framework Programme

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