Objective Analysis of Vaginal Ultrasound Video Clips for Exploring Uterine Peristalsis Post Vaginal and Cesarean Section Deliveries

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Abstract

The nonpregnant uterus is characterized by cyclic contractions that assist in sperm transport to the fallopian tube, embryo transport to implantation site, and expulsion of menstrual debris. The effect of post-Cesarean section (CS) scar on uterine peristalsis is unclear, while worldwide the prevalence of CS deliveries is increasing. In this study, we developed a new objective method for analysis of dynamic characteristics of the nonpregnant uterus from transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) recordings when the uterine cavity is not clearly observed, as may be the case in post-CS uteri. The method of active contours was utilized to detect the contours of the endometrium–myometrium interface (EMI) from sagittal cross-section TVUS images of nonpregnant uteri. The contours were straightened along the uterus centerline and registered with respect to the fundal end in order to reduce the noise due to movements of the physician and the participant. A dynamic analysis was conducted on these time-dependent contours in order to explore the frequency and amplitude of the EMI motility. The analysis was conducted on TVUS video clips from 12 nonpregnant participants, 7 post-CS and 5 controls. The frequencies of the EMI motility was 0.010 to 0.064 Hz at days 8 to 17 in the control participants and 0.014 to 0.073 Hz at days 9 to 15 in post-CS participants. The maximal amplitude of motility was 0.67 to 2.00 mm and 0.48 to 2.58 mm for the control and post-CS participants, respectively. In this preliminary study, we have not observed significant difference between the EMI motility of healthy and post-CS uteri.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)899-908
Number of pages10
JournalReproductive Sciences
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Cesarean section
  • active contours
  • embryo transport
  • sperm transport
  • uterine contraction

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