Obesity and obstructive sleep apnea in children

Riva Tauman, David Gozal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The prevalence and severity of obesity in children and adolescent is dramatically increasing worldwide with a corresponding increase in the prevalence of obesity-associated morbidities particularly those involving OSAS and metabolic and cardiovascular sequelae. Obstructive sleep apnea and obesity hypoventilation syndrome are important and serious consequences of obesity, and may in fact mediate components of the association between obesity and metabolic and cardiovascular morbidities, most likely via potentiation of inflammatory cascades. It is anticipated that the increased prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents in our society will be accompanied by a steady increase in the incidence of OSAS. In this review, we will examine our current understanding of sleep-disordered breathing and associated morbidities in obese children, and summarize the range of therapeutic modalities currently available for this high-risk population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-259
Number of pages13
JournalPaediatric Respiratory Reviews
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes

Funding

FundersFunder number
Children's Foundation Endowment for Sleep Research
Kentucky Research Challenge Trust Fund
National Institutes of Health
National Heart, Lung, and Blood InstituteR01HL065270

    Keywords

    • children
    • obesity
    • obesity-hypoventilation syndrome
    • obstructive sleep apnoea

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