Nutritional and Inflammatory Status of Hemodialysis Patients in Relation to Their Body Mass Index

Ilia Beberashvili*, Inna Sinuani, Ada Azar, Hila Yasur, Leonid Feldman, Shai Efrati, Zhan Averbukh, Joshua Weissgarten

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The study tested whether obese hemodialysis (HD) patients have a better nutritional and inflammatory state than those with overweight or normal body mass index (BMI). Design: This was a single-center, cross-sectional study. Setting and Patients: Ninety-six stable HD patients from a local HD unit were divided into 3 groups according to BMI (normal, overweight, and obese). Main Outcome Measures: Anthropometry, body composition by multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis, biochemical nutritional markers, as well as interleukins (IL-1, IL-6, and IL-10), tumor necrosis factor, leptin, and soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R) were measured. Results: Serum creatinine was significantly elevated in the highest BMI category. Albumin and transferrin were significantly elevated in higher BMI groups after adjustment for age, sex, and diabetes status. The higher BMI group had greater lean body mass (P = .001) and fat mass (P = .0001), higher phase angle (PA), and lower extracellular mass-to-body-cell-mass ratio (ECM/BCM) (P < .05). Inflammatory cytokine levels were not different in the 3 BMI groups. In parallel with increasing BMI, a gradual increase in serum leptin and a trend for decreasing sOB-R were detected (P = .0001 and P = .055, respectively). Both PA (r = 0.295, P = .008) and ECM/BCM (r = -0.345, P = .002) significantly correlated with serum leptin concentration. According to a multiple linear regression analysis, with PA as the dependent variable, age (β = 0.274, P = .008), creatinine (β = 0.355, P = .001), and log sOB-R/leptin ratio (β = -0.465, P = .008) were significant independent predictors of PA. Conclusion: HD patients with elevated BMI demonstrate better nutritional status compared to normal BMI or overweight patients, whereas the severity of inflammation is not related to BMI in HD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-247
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Renal Nutrition
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2009

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