Numerical modelling of instability and supercritical oscillatory states in a Czochralski model system of oxide melts

N. Crnogorac*, H. Wilke, K. A. Cliffe, A. Yu Gelfgat, E. Kit

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The motivation for this study is the need for accurate numerical models of melt flow instabilities during Czochralski growth of oxides. Such instabilities can lead to undesirable spiralling shapes of the bulk crystals produced by the growing process. The oxide melts are characterized by Prandtl numbers in the range 5<Pr<20, which makes the oxide melt flow qualitatively different from the intensively studied flows of semiconductors characterized by smaller Prandtl numbers Pr<0.1. At the same time, these flows can be modelled experimentally by many transparent test fluids (e.g. water, silicon oils, salt melts), which have similar Prandtl numbers, but allow one to avoid the extremely high melting-point temperatures of the oxide materials. Most previous studies of melt instabilities for Prandtl numbers larger than unity suffer from a lack of accuracy that is caused by the use of coarse grids. Recent convergence studies made for a series of simplified problems and for a hydrodynamic model of Czochralski growth showed that for a second order finite volume method reliable stability results can be obtained on grids having at least 100 nodes in the shortest spatial direction. The obvious numerical difficulties call for an extensive benchmark exercise, which is proposed here on the basis of recently published experimental and numerical data, as well as some preliminary results of this study. The calculations presented are performed by two independent numerical approaches, which are based on second-order finite volume and finite element discretizations. We start our comparison from the steady states, whose parametric dependencies sometimes exhibit turning points and multiplicity. We then compare the critical temperature differences corresponding to the onset of instability, and finally compare calculated supercritical oscillatory states and phase plots.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-615
Number of pages10
JournalCrystal Research and Technology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2008


  • Computer simulation
  • Czochralski method
  • Fluid flows
  • Heat transfer
  • Mass transfer


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