Novel Protein to Phosphorous Ratio Score Predicts Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients

Dana Bielopolski, Cachet Wenziger, Tali Steinmetz, Benaya Rozen Zvi, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Elani Streja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Lowering serum phosphorus in people on hemodialysis may improve their survival. However, prior studies have shown that restricting dietary protein intake, a major source of phosphorus, is associated with higher mortality. We hypothesized that a novel metric that incorporates both these values commensurately can improve survival prediction. Methods: We used serum phosphorous and normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR), a surrogate of dietary protein intake, to form a new metric R that was used to examine the associations with mortality in 63,016 people on hemodialysis (HD) of one year after treatment initiation. Survival models were adjusted for case-mix, malnutrition-inflammation cachexia syndrome (MICS), and residual kidney function (RKF). Results: Individuals treated with hemodialysis were divided into five groups in accordance with R value. Group 1 included sick individuals with high phosphorous and low nPCR. Group 5 included individuals with low phosphorous and high nPCR. After 1-year follow-up, survival difference between the groups reflected R value, where an increase in R was associated with improved survival. The association of R with mortality was strengthened by adjustment in demographic variables and attenuated after adjustment to MICS. Mortality associations in accordance with R were not influenced by residual kidney function (RKF). Conclusion: The novel protein to phosphorus ratio score R predicts mortality in people on dialysis, probably reflecting both nutrition and inflammation state independent of RKF. The metric enables better phosphorus monitoring, although adequate dietary protein intake is ensured and may improve the prediction of outcomes in the clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)450-457
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Renal Nutrition
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

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