Novel drug-eluting soy-protein structures for wound healing applications

Maya Baranes-Zeevi, Daniella Goder, Meital Zilberman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Naturally derived materials are becoming widely used in the biomedical field. Soy protein has advantages over the various types of natural proteins employed for biomedical applications due to its low price, nonanimal origin, and relatively long storage time and stability. In the current study, novel drug-eluting soy-protein films for wound healing applications were developed and studied. The films were prepared using the solvent casting technique. The analgesic drug bupivacaine and two types of wide range antibiotics (gentamicin and clindamycin) were incorporated into the soy-protein films. The effect of drug incorporation and plasticizers content on the films' mechanical properties, drug release profiles, and cell viability was studied. Drug incorporation had a softening effect of the films, lowering mechanical strength and increasing ductility. Release profiles of bupivacaine and clindamycin exhibited high burst release of 80% to 90% of encapsulated drug within 6 hours, followed by continuous release in a decreasing rate for a period of 2 to 4 days. Gentamicin release was prolonged, probably due to interaction between the gentamicin and the polymer chains. Hybrid soy-protein/poly (Dl-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PDLGA) microspheres structure showed potential for long and sustained release of bupivacaine. Films with no drugs and films loaded with gentamicin were found to be noncytotoxic for human fibroblasts, while bupivacaine and clindamycin were found to have some effect on cell growth. In conclusion, our new drug-loaded soy-protein films combine good mechanical properties and biocompatibility, with desired drug release profiles, and can therefore be potentially very useful as burn and ulcer dressings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2523-2538
Number of pages16
JournalPolymers for Advanced Technologies
Volume30
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • bupivacaine
  • clindamycin
  • controlled drug delivery
  • gentamicin
  • soy-protein films
  • wound dressings

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