Novel approaches to therapy for SLE

Gisele Zandman-Goddard, Yehuda Shoenfeld*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease manifested by multi-organ involvement and elevated titers of anti-DNA antibodies. Current therapies for SLE are broad-spectrum, and include steroids and immunosuppressive cytotoxic agents that are counterbalanced by the toxicity and side effects of the medications. One of the goals is to target therapies by altering specific known mechanisms of inflammation and autoimmunity. Although the inciting antigen is still unknown in SLE, it may be possible to alter the regulation of the immune response by targeted molecular therapy. Methods under investigation, which may be beneficial, are manipulation of second-signal stimulation of the immune response (anti-CD40L), manipulation of cytokines (monoclonal anti-IL-10), inducing tolerance by administration of blocking peptides (LJP394), and the manipulation of idiotypes (IVIg). In this article, we also discuss modalities that are steroid-sparing (MTX), and selective immunosuppression (stem-cell restoration and MMF). We review the ongoing literature from 2000-2002, utilizing the MEDLINE search. Controlled trials, open trials, and trials in phase I and II have been included, and anecdotal reports were excluded. The major advances have been with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and LJP 394.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-111
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 2003


  • DHEA
  • IDEC-131
  • IVIG
  • LJP 394
  • MMF
  • Monoclonal anti-IL-10
  • SCT
  • SLE


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