Nontuberculous mycobacterial infections in immunocompetent children usually presents as chronic lymphadenitis involving the neck and face. Mycobacterium avium complex is the most common pathogen, although recent series found Mycobacterium haemophilum, to be a major cause of chronic lymphadenitis in otherwise healthy children. The authors describe a 9-month-old baby who presented with a 4-month history of preauricular lymphadenitis. Mycobacterial culture yielded Mycobacterium haemophilum. A no-intervention approach was chosen. At the 6-month follow-up, the swelling had ameliorated and the skin showed a small scar with near-normal overlying skin color. A literature review of the clinical manifestations and diagnosis of Mycobacterium haemophilum lymphadenitis and of the different management options for nontuberculous mycobacterial lymphadenitis in otherwise healthy children is presented.
|Pages (from-to)||490-493, 552|
|State||Published - Aug 2010|