Nonmyeloablative conditioning does not prevent telomere shortening after allogeneic stem cell transplantation

Meir Lahav*, Orit Uziel, Meir Kestenbaum, Abigail Fraser, Hava Shapiro, Judith Radnay, Martine Szyper-Kravitz, Shimoni Avihai, Izhar Hardan, Noga Shem-Tov, Arnon Nagler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Stem cell transplantation (SCT) may be associated with premature aging of the hematopoietic stem cells. Telomere length reflects the proliferative history of a cell. In most studies published so far on telomere dynamics after myeloablative allogeneic SCT, recipients had shorter telomeres than their respective donors, thus reflecting "accelerated aging" of hematopoietic cells. We evaluated telomere dynamics in patients who underwent transplantation with nonmyeloablative protocols, assuming that the decreased intensity of chemotherapy might prevent telomere attrition. Methods. Telomere length was measured using FISH-FACS method. Telomeres of recipients were compared to their respective donors. Twenty-three consecutive patients after nonmyeloablative SCT were evaluated. A control group consisted of 10 donor-recipient pairs after conventional myeloablative transplantation. Results. There was significant telomere shortening in both recipients of nonmyeloablative and myeloablative conditioning (0.487±0.65 kb, P=0.003; 0.361±0.50 kb, P=0.047 respectively). The extent of telomere shortening in the two groups was not different (P=0.64). There was no correlation between the degree of shortening and parameters such as time interval from transplant, age of donor or recipient, and the number of infused cells. Conclusions. This is the first study on telomere dynamics after nonmyeloablative conditioning SCT. The study demonstrates significant shortening of telomeres in recipients in spite of decreased intensity conditioning. Results of this study suggest that the main mechanism following transplantation is the proliferative stress imposed upon the stem cells and not direct damage by cytotoxic drugs. The different kinetics of restoration of hematopoiesis and the probable ongoing process of graft-versus-leukemia in the bone marrow do not prevent the attrition of telomeric ends of chromosomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)969-976
Number of pages8
JournalTransplantation
Volume80
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2005

Keywords

  • Nonmyeloablative conditioning
  • Stem cell transplantation
  • Telomere

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