Nonlinear modes in binary bosonic condensates with pseudo-spin-orbital coupling

D. A. Zezyulin*, R. Driben, V. V. Konotop, B. A. Malomed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We consider an effectively one-dimensional binary Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) with nonlinear repulsive interactions and linear spin-orbit (SO) and Zeeman-splitting couplings. In the presence of the trapping harmonic-oscillator (HO) potential, we report the existence of even, odd, and asymmetric spatial modes. They feature alternating domains with opposite directions of the pseudospin, i.e., antiferromagnetic structures, which is explained by the interplay of the linear couplings, HO confinement, and repulsive self-interaction. The number of the domains is determined by the strength of the SO coupling. The modes are constructed analytically in the weakly nonlinear system. The dynamical stability of the modes is investigated by means of the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations and direct simulations. A notable result is that the multi-domain-wall (DW) structures are stable, alternating between odd and even shapes, while the simplest single-DW structure is unstable. Thus, the system features a transition to the complex ground states under the action of the SO coupling. The addition of the Zeeman splitting transforms the odd modes into asymmetric ones via spontaneous symmetry breaking. The results suggest possibilities for switching the binary system between states with opposite (pseudo)magnetization by external fields, and realization of similar stable states and dynamical effects in solid-state and nonlinear-optical settings emulated by the SO-coupled BECs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013607
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Jul 2013

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