Nonlinear dynamics of wave packets in tunnel-coupled harmonic-oscillator traps

Nir Hacker, Boris A. Malomed*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We consider a two-component linearly coupled system with the intrinsic cubic nonlinearity and the harmonic-oscillator (HO) confining potential. The system models binary settings in BEC and optics. In the symmetric system, with the HO trap acting in both components, we consider Josephson oscillations (JO) initiated by an input in the form of the HO’s ground state (GS) or dipole mode (DM), placed in one component. With the increase of the strength of the self-focusing nonlinearity, spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) between the components takes place in the dynamical JO state. Under still stronger nonlinearity, the regular JO initiated by the GS input carries over into a chaotic dynamical state. For the DM input, the chaotization happens at smaller powers than for the GS, which is followed by SSB at a slightly stronger nonlinearity. In the system with the defocusing nonlinearity, SSB does not take place, and dynamical chaos occurs in a small area of the parameter space. In the asymmetric half-trapped system, with the HO potential applied to a single component, we first focus on the spectrum of confined binary modes in the linearized system. The spectrum is found analytically in the limits of weak and strong inter-component coupling, and numerically in the general case. Under the action of the coupling, the existence region of the confined modes shrinks for GSs and expands for DMs. In the full nonlinear system, the existence region for confined modes is identified in the numerical form. They are constructed too by means of the Thomas–Fermi approximation, in the case of the defocusing nonlinearity. Lastly, particular (non-generic) exact analytical solutions for confined modes, including vortices, in one-and two-dimensional asymmetric linearized systems are found. They represent bound states in the continuum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number372
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalSymmetry
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Funding

FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation1286/17

    Keywords

    • Bose-Einstein condensates
    • Dynamical chaos
    • Ground states
    • Josephson oscillations
    • Perturbation theory
    • Spontaneous symmetry breaking
    • Thomas-Fermi approximation

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