Nongenomic effects of an anti-idiotypic antibody as an estrogen mimetic in female human and rat osteoblasts

Dalia Sömjen, Fortüne Kohen, Michèle Lieberherr

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32 Scopus citations


We investigated the early effects of the anti-idiotypic antibody (clone 1D5), which recognized the estrogen receptor (ER), on cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and its long term effects on creatine kinase (CK) specific activity in female human and rat osteoblasts. These actions were compared to the known membrane and genomic effects of 17β estradiol (E2). Like E2, clone 1D5 increased within 5 s [Ca2+]i in both cell types by two mechanisms: 1) Ca2+ influx through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels as shown by using EGTA, a chelator of extracellular Ca2+, and nifedipine, a Ca2+ channel blocker; 2) Ca2+ mobilization from the endoplasmic reticulum as shown by using phospholipase C inhibitors, such as neomycin and U-73122, which involved a Pertussis toxin-sensitive G-protein. Clone 1D5 and [E2 stimulated CK specific activity in human and rat osteoblasts with ten fold higher concentrations than those needed for the membrane effects (0.1 μg/ml and 10 pM, respectively). Both effects were gender-specific since testosterone and 5α-dihydotesterone were uneffective. Tamoxifen and Raloxifene, two estrogen nuclear antagonists, inhibited CK response to 1 D5 and E2 and Ca2+ response to 1D5, but not Ca2+ response to E2. By contrast, (Fab')2 dimer, a proteolytic fragment of 1 D5 with antagonist properties, inhibited both membrane and genomic effects of 1 D5 and E2. In conclusion, these results imply that clone 1 D5 has an estrogen like activity both at the membrane and nuclear levels in female human and rat osteoblasts. 1 D5 must therefore interact with membrane binding sites, penetrate the cells, and reach the nuclear receptors by an as yet uncharacterized mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-66
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 1997


  • Pertussis toxin-sensitive G-protein
  • antiestrogens
  • creatinine kinase
  • estrogen mimetic
  • gender-specificity
  • intracellular calcium
  • phospholipase C


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