Non-esterified fatty acids are not relate'l to plasma apoB levels in familial combined hyperlipidemia

R. Shamir*, K. J. Williams, L. Hudgins, L. Levine, J. A. Conner, E. A. Fisher

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recently, insulin resistance, elev; lions in plasma levels of apoB and non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) wer: reported in adults with familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL), ihe leading cause of familial hyperlipidemia. Since saturated fatty acids (lauric, myristic, and palmitic) are generally associated with elevations of LDL, we hypothesized that in FCHL patients, elevated NEFA would b<; disproportionately saturated. In 5 families containing 12 FCHL subjects (; adults, 7 children) and 8 normals (5 adults), dietary assessments, anthropametric and plasma measurements (glucose, insulin, lipoproteins, apopro eins, NEF A-total and type) were made. In FCHL patients vs unaffected family members, elevated (p<0.01) were TG (199 ±27 mg/dL vs. 97-12 ). VLDL-TG (40 ±5 mg/dL vs 19 ± 2 ), apoB ( 134 ±9 mg/dl vs. 96 ±8) anc insulin (11 t l units vs 7 ±1 ). In contrast, the dietary intake of total and saturated fat was equivalent in the 2 groups, as were plasma levels of total-NEFA and the individual saturated species. We conclude that in both FCHL and normals, circulating total or particular fatty acids are not important c eterminants of plasma apoB levels and that other metabolic factors underlie the disease phenotype.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A521
JournalFASEB Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


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