Non-Contact Monitoring of Temporal Volume Changes of a Hematoma in the Head by a Single Inductive Coil: A Numerical Study

Moshe Oziel, Rafi Korenstein, Boris Rubinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This numerical study was designed to evaluate the feasibility of using an inductive coil for monitoring the changes in the volume of a hematoma in the head in situ and to compare the inductive coil performance to that of a spiral antenna based on the radar principle. Methods: Numerical analysis was used to solve the complete set of Maxwell's equations in full three-dimensional anatomical model of a head and brain with data on clinical occurrence of hematomas from the clinical literature, for frequencies of 100 MHz, 500 MHz, and 1 GHz. Results: 1) The analysis shows that the spiral radar antenna provides a better resolution when the antenna can be placed exactly facing the center of the volume of blood. Under any other circumstance, the inductive coil has a better resolution at both 500 MHz and 1 GHz. 2) The induction coil is more sensitive to rotation artifacts than the spiral antenna. 3) Single frequency measurements do not provide conclusive results. Conclusion: The inductive coil has the ability to monitor small changes in the volume of a hematoma in the head. However, multifrequency measurements are required for correct diagnostic. Significance: This study provides a new, low-cost alternative to the conventional medical imaging for monitoring the hematoma increase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8477997
Pages (from-to)1328-1336
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Volume66
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • Hematoma
  • Inductive coil
  • Monitoring
  • Non-contact
  • Numerical model of the head
  • Spiral antenna
  • radiofrequency

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