Nodule2vec: A 3D Deep Learning System for Pulmonary Nodule Retrieval Using Semantic Representation

Ilia Kravets, Tal Heletz, Hayit Greenspan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Content-based retrieval supports a radiologist decision making process by presenting the doctor the most similar cases from the database containing both historical diagnosis and further disease development history. We present a deep learning system that transforms a 3D image of a pulmonary nodule from a CT scan into a low-dimensional embedding vector. We demonstrate that such a vector representation preserves semantic information about the nodule and offers a viable approach for content-based image retrieval (CBIR). We discuss the theoretical limitations of the available datasets and overcome them by applying transfer learning of the state-of-the-art lung nodule detection model. We evaluate the system using the LIDC-IDRI dataset of thoracic CT scans. We devise a similarity score and show that it can be utilized to measure similarity 1) between annotations of the same nodule by different radiologists and 2) between the query nodule and the top four CBIR results. A comparison between doctors and algorithm scores suggests that the benefit provided by the system to the radiologist end-user is comparable to obtaining a second radiologist’s opinion.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2020 - 23rd International Conference, Proceedings
EditorsAnne L. Martel, Purang Abolmaesumi, Danail Stoyanov, Diana Mateus, Maria A. Zuluaga, S. Kevin Zhou, Daniel Racoceanu, Leo Joskowicz
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages599-608
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783030597245
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Event23rd International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2020 - Lima, Peru
Duration: 4 Oct 20208 Oct 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12266 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference23rd International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2020
Country/TerritoryPeru
CityLima
Period4/10/208/10/20

Keywords

  • CBIR
  • Deep learning
  • Image retrieval
  • Pulmonary nodules

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