No evidence for myocardial iron overload and free iron species in multitransfused patients with sickle/β0-thalassaemia

Hussam Ghoti, Orly Goitein, Ariel Koren, Carina Levin, Tamar Kushnir, Eliezer Rachmilewitz, Eli Konen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Iron overload (IO) in the heart is a life-threatening complication in transfusion-dependent patients with thalassaemia major (TM) and to a lesser extent in sickle cell disease (SCD), while no data are available in patients with sickle/β0-thalassaemia. Iron deposition in the heart, liver and pancreas was assessed using T2* MRI sequences, as well as free iron species assays - non-transferrin bound iron (NTBI) and labile plasma iron (LPI), in addition to serum ferritin, percentage transferrin saturation and serum hepcidin, in 10 multitransfused patients (>30 yr) with sickle/β 0-thalassaemia. None of the patients had iron deposition in the heart. Three patients had mild, one had moderate, and two had severe liver IO. Two patients had mild iron deposition in the pancreas. In all the patients, serum hepcidin levels were normal - NTBI and LPI were not detected. Possible explanations of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-63
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Haematology
Volume84
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Free iron
  • Iron overload
  • Myocardial
  • Sickle/β-thalassaemia

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