Nitric oxide-sensitive guanylyl cyclase signaling affects CO2-dependent but not pressure-dependent regulation of cerebral blood flow

Shadi Jahshan, Lior Dayan, Giris Jacob

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cerebrovascular CO2 reactivity is affected by nitric oxide (NO). We tested the hypothesis that sildenafil selectively potentiates NO-cGMP signaling, which affects CO2 reactivity. Fourteen healthy males (34 ± 2 yr) were enrolled in the study. Blood pressure (BP), ECG, velocity of cerebral blood flow (CBF; measured by transcranial Doppler), and end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2) were assessed at baseline (CO2 ~39 mmHg), during hyperventilation (CO2 ~24 mmHg), during hypercapnia (CO2 ~46 mmHg), during boluses of phenylephrine (25–200 ±μ), and during graded head-up tilting (HUT). Measurements were repeated 1 h after 100 mg sildenafil were taken. Results showed that sildenafil did not affect resting BP, heart rate, CBF peak and mean velocities, estimated regional cerebrovascular resistance (eCVR; mean BP/mean CBF), breath/min, and EtCO2: 117 ± 2/67 ± 3 mmHg, 69 ± 3 beats/min, 84 ± 5 and 57 ± 4 cm/s, 1.56 ± 0.1 mmHg·cm-1·s-1, 14± 0.5 breaths/min, and 39 ± 0.9 mmHg, respectively. Sildenafil increased and decreased the hypercapnia induced in CBF and eCVR, respectively. Sildenafil also attenuated the decrease in peak velocity of CBF, 25 ± 2 vs. 20 ± 2% (P < 0.05) and increased the eCVR, 2.5 ± 0.2 vs. 2 ± 0.2% (P < 0.03) during hyperventilation. Sildenafil did not affect CBF despite significant increases in the eCVRs that were elicited by phenylephrine and HUT. This investigation suggests that sildenafil, which potentiates the NOcGMP signaling, seems to affect the cerebrovascular CO2 reactivity without affecting the static and dynamic pressure-dependent mechanisms of cerebrovascular autoregulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R948-R955
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume312
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Autoregulation
  • Cerebral blood flow
  • CO reactivity
  • PDE5 inhibitor
  • Sildenafil

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