Newly uncovered Cryo-EM structures of mammalian NCXs set a new stage for resolving the underlying molecular mechanisms and drug discovery

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Abstract

The membrane-abundant NCX proteins mediate an electrogenic ion exchange (3Na+:1Ca2+) in the Ca2+-exit or Ca2+-entry mode. The structurally related isoform/splice variants of NCX are expressed in a tissue-specific manner to shape Ca2+ signalling/homeostasis in diverse cell types. The lack of mammalian NCX structure hampered the functional and regulatory resolution of tissue-specific NCX variants and their pharmacological targeting. Recently unveiled Cryo-EM structures of human cardiac NCX1.1[1] and kidney NCX1.3[2] provide new opportunities for resolving structure/functional divergences among NCX variants and their pharmacological targeting.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102867
JournalCell Calcium
Volume119
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

Funding

FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation1351/18, 1340/23
Israel Science Foundation

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