New Representations for all Sporadic Apéry-Like Sequences, With Applications to Congruences

Ofir Gorodetsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We find new representations, in terms of constant terms of powers of Laurent polynomials, for all the 15 sporadic Apéry-like sequences discovered by Zagier, Almkvist-Zudilin and Cooper. The new representations lead to binomial expressions for the sequences, which, as opposed to previous expressions, do not involve powers of 3 or 8. We use these to establish the supercongruence (Formula presented.) for all primes (Formula presented.) and integers (Formula presented.), where Bn is a sequence discovered by Zagier, known as Sequence B. Additionally, for 14 of the 15 sequences, the Newton polytopes of the Laurent polynomials contain the origin as their only interior integral point. This property allows us to prove that these sequences satisfy a strong form of the Lucas congruences, extending work of Malik and Straub. Moreover, we obtain lower bounds on the p-adic valuation of these sequences via recent work of Delaygue.

Original languageEnglish
JournalExperimental Mathematics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apéry numbers
  • Constant term
  • sporadic sequences

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