New records on the distribution of the Spanish sand racer species (Squamata, psammodromus) in Spain, Iberian Peninsula

Carolina Molina, Karin Tamar*, Juan Pablo González de la Vega, Bernat Burriel-Carranza, Daniel Fernández-Guiberteau, Salvador Carranza

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The genus Psammodromus (Lacertidae) comprises six species. Three of the species are morphologically similar, phylogenetically closely related, and are distributed in the Iberian Peninsula (besides P. algirus): P. occidentalis (Western Iberia), P. hispanicus (Central Spain), and P. edwarsianus (Eastern Spain). Previous studies have shown these three species to have allopatric distributions in Iberia, though there are still many areas such as Andalucía where it is unclear which species of Psammodromus occurs. In this study we present nine new records of Psammodromus from key places in southern Spain. Since the three Iberian species are difficult to differentiate by morphology, specimens were genetically identified using mitochondrial DNA data and compared to all six species of the genus. Here we present an updated distribution map of Psammodromus specimens identified with molecular methods, increasing the ranges of all three species. We also propose wider regions of potential sympatry between P. occidentalis and P. hispanicus, and P. edwarsianus and P. hispanicus than previously recorded.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-66
Number of pages11
JournalBasic and Applied Herpetology
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


FundersFunder number
Consejería de Medio Ambiente y Ordenación del Territorio
Dirección de General de Gestión del Medio Natural y Espacios Protegidos, Junta de Andalucía, Spain2017-SGR-00991
Generalitat de Catalu-nya
Generalitat de CatalunyaFPU18/04742
Generalitat de Catalunya


    • Biogeography
    • Cytochrome b
    • Gallotiinae
    • Range expansion
    • Southern Spain


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