New polyacetylenes from the sponge Siphonochalina sp.

M. Rotem*, Y. Kashman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Six new compounds, characterized by a long unsaturated alkyl chain (nC22), were isolated from a marine sponge. All compounds except for one, possess an enyne terminus on one side of the molecule and either a terminal acetylene (in four) or a propargyl alcohol on the other end. Four of the compounds were unequivocally identified mainly by spectroscopic methods. Acetylenic compounds are well-known constituents of plants: only few, however, are known from marine organisms and to our knowledge only one group of compounds contains more than a single triple bond. Among the acetylene containing marine natural products are: A group of halogenated ethers, characterized by a straight-chain C-15 carbon skeleton and a terminal enyne function which has been isolated from algae1 and a sea hare2, carotenoids3, two steroids4, a sesquiterpene5 and polyketids6,7. A diacetylene was found in a group of several n C-22 straight-chain compounds isolated from a marine sponge8. One of the compounds found in the latter sponge contains, again, the enyne terminus - an end group which turns out to be quite abundant in the above and the herewith discussed compounds. In our continuing search for bioactive compounds from marine organisms we have isolated from the sponge Siphonochalina sp.9 collected at several places in the southern part of the Gulf of Eilat (the Red Sea) six n C-22 straight-chain acetylenic compounds. Extraction of the freeze-dryed sponge (petrol ether, 4% dry weight) and subsequent repeated chromatographies (LH-20 and Silica gel)10,11 gave six closely related new compounds, named in order of polarity, Δ15-docos-1-yne (1; RF12a=0.65; 0.2% based on the dry weight of the animal), octahydrosiphonochalyne (2; Rf12a=0.55; 0.4%), dihydrosiphonochalyne (4; Rf12a=0.44; 0.1%) siphonochalyne (3; Rf12b=0.34; 0.2%), dehydrosiphonochalynol (6; Rf12b=0.55; 0.1%) and siphonochalynol (5; Rf12b=0.43; 0.3%).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3193-3196
Number of pages4
JournalTetrahedron Letters
Issue number34
StatePublished - 1979


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