New light on Schumacher’s Südliches Burgtor at Megiddo

Robert S. Homsher, Israel Finkelstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Südliches Burgtor is a massive structure that was uncovered by Gottlieb Schumacher on the southern edge of the mound of Megiddo in the early twentieth century. Its vicinity was partially excavated by the Oriental Institute team in the 1930s. Still, the stratigraphic affiliation of the building as well as its date and function remained unclear. Here we present evidence from the southwestern sector of Area Q of the renewed excavations at the site, which shed light on these issues. The Südliches Burgtor was originally built in Stratum VII, probably in its later phase (VIIA), of the Late Bronze III, and continued to be in use until the devastation of the city in Stratum VIA at the end of the late Iron I. The building did not disclose clear evidence of its function, but circumstantial considerations based on finds in Area Q to its east point to possible cultic usage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-308
Number of pages13
JournalPalestine Exploration Quarterly
Volume150
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Late Bronze III
  • Megiddo
  • Schumacher
  • Südliches Burgtor
  • late Iron I

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