New insights regarding origin of monosomy occurrence in early developing embryos as demonstrated in preimplantation genetic testing

N. Samara, S. Peleg, T. Frumkin, V. Gold, H. Amir, Einat Haikin Herzberger, A. Reches, Y. Kalma, Dalit Ben Yosef, F. Azem, M. Malcov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Analyses of miscarriage products indicate that the majority of aneuploidies in early developing embryos derive from errors occurring during maternal meiosis and the paternal contribution is less than 10%. Our aim was to assess the aneuploidy (mainly monosmies) frequencies at the earliest stages of embryo development, 3 days following fertilization during In vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments and to elucidate their parental origin. Later, we compared monosomies rates of day 3 to those of day 5 as demonstrated from Preimplantation Genetic Testing for Structural chromosomal Rearrangement (PGT-SR) results. Methods: For a retrospective study, we collected data of 210 Preimplantation Genetic Testing for Monogenic Disorder (PGT-M) cycles performed between years 2008 and 2019.This study includes 2083 embryos, of 113 couples. It also included 432 embryos from 90 PGT-SR cycles of other 45 patients, carriers of balanced translocations. Defining the parental origin of aneuploidy in cleavage stage embryos was based on haplotypes analysis of at least six informative markers flanking the analyzed gene. For comprehensive chromosomal screening (CCS), chromosomal microarray (CMA) and next generation sequencing (NGS) was used. Results: We inspected haplotype data of 40 genomic regions, flanking analyzed genes located on 9 different chromosomes.151 (7.2%) embryos presented numerical alterations in the tested chromosomes. We found similar paternal and maternal contribution to monosomy at cleavage stage. We demonstrated paternal origin in 51.5% of the monosomy, and maternal origin in 48.5% of the monosomies cases. Conclusion: In our study, we found equal parental contribution to monosomies in cleavage-stage embryos. Comparison to CCS analyses of PGT-SR patients revealed a lower rate of monosomy per chromosome in embryos at day 5 of development. This is in contrast to the maternal dominancy described in studies of early miscarriage. Mitotic errors and paternal involvement in chemical pregnancies and IVF failure should be re-evaluated. Our results show monosomies are relatively common and may play a role in early development of ART embryos.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11
JournalMolecular Cytogenetics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • Early embryo aneuploidy
  • Haplotype
  • Monosomy
  • Paternal origin
  • Polymorphic markers
  • Preimplantation genetic testing


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