New Classes of Traveling Waves in a Planar Kirchhoff Beam with Nonlinear Bending Stiffness

P. Rosenau, M. B. Rubin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

New traveling wave solutions are presented for motion of an inextensible, unshearable, planar Kirchhoff beam endowed with rotary inertia and a generalized strain energy function for bending which models nonlinear stiffening and softening. It is shown that although sonic waves (i.e., wave traveling at the bar speed in the beam) do not exist for constant bending stiffness, nonlinear bending stiffness supports new classes of solutions that admit nonlinear waves traveling with axial tension or compression. In addition, it is shown that waves traveling at the bar wave speed may be compactons (i.e., solitary waves of finite span). Surprisingly, for a large class of constant and nonlinear bending stiffness, initially circular rods do not support traveling waves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-211
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Elasticity
Volume140
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Kirchhoff beam
  • compactons
  • nonlinear bending stiffness
  • rotary inertia
  • traveling waves

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