Neutrophils to lymphocytes ratio and platelets to lymphocytes ratio in pregnancy: A population study

Anat Hershko Klement*, Efrat Hadi, Aula Asali, Tal Shavit, Amir Wiser, Einat Haikin, Yael Barkan, Tal Biron-Shental, Alona Zer, Yifat Gadot

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Neutrophils to lymphocytes ratio (NLR) and platelets to lymphocytes ratio (PLR) are both inflammatory ratios that can be easily calculated from a simple blood count. They are frequently reported and tested as prognostic factors in several medical disciplines. Pregnancy involves special reference values for laboratory assays. Objective The aim of this study was to define pregnancy-related reference values for NLR and PLR according to trimester, background morbidity and according to the patient’s age. Study design A retrospective analysis of a large cohort undergoing community-based pregnancy surveillance between the years 2011–2016. Data were analyzed according to high-risk patient versus normal-risk patient. Results A total of 11,415 patients were included. Mean PLR and NLR values were 136.3±44.3, 2.6 ±1, respectively during the first trimester, 144.6±47.1, 4.0±1.4 respectively during the second trimester and 118.1±42.0, 3.5±1.2 respectively during the third trimester. No difference was detected between the high-risk and the normal population (P-values 0.3, 0.5 and 0.4 for PLR in each trimester respectively and 0.3, 0.4, 0.6 for NLR in each trimester, respectively). No differences were detected among parity categories. The correlation between patient’s age and either PLR and NLR was a weak positive correlation (though statistically significant). Both PLR and NLR reached a maximum value during the second trimester. The differences between mean NLR and PLR between trimesters were significant (P <0.01 for all differences tested). PLR rises in the presence of anemia, reaching statistical significance (P-value for PLR in each trimester was <0.01). NLR showed an opposite trend (P-values for NLR were 0.4, 0.005 and 0.06 in each trimester, respectively). Conclusions In our cohort, there were generally no differences between the high-risk and the normal population, excluding patients with a fibroid uterus or inflammatory bowel disease who presented a significantly elevated PLR through all trimesters. Both PLR and NLR reached a maximum value during the second trimester and were positively correlated with age. We anticipate that the population-based data will assist in providing accurate reference values for future research testing NLR and PLR measures during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0196706
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2018

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