Neurite outgrowth and protein synthesis by PC12 cells as a function of substratum and nerve growth factor

D. K. Fujii, S. L. Massoglia, N. Savion, D. Gospodarowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Numerous studies have implied that enhanced cell-substratum adhesion plays a role in neurite outgrowth by neronal cells. Using an extracellular matrix (ECM) produced by cultured corneal endothelial cells, we have investigated attachment and de novo neurite outgrowth by the pheochromocytoma cell line, PC12. PC12 cells were found to attach more rapidly and efficiently to the ECM than to plastic or collagen-coated surfaces. An extensive but temporary (5- to 10-day) neurite outgrowth occurred in the absence of nerve growth factor (NGF) when cells were on the ECM. However, long term neurite survival and further elongation required NGF. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that protein(s) in the ECM has an important role in neurite outgrowth. Thus, NGF may not so much initiate neurite outgrowth as it stabilizes neurites. ECM and NGF also were found to modulate cellular protein syntesis by PC12 cells. On ECM, a decreased synthesis of many high molecular weight proteins (M(r)>85,000) was observed in comparison to that of cells on collagen-coated dishes. The presence of neurites (in the presence or absence of NGF) was associated with the induction of the synthesis of a cellular protein (M(r)=55,000 to 56,000 and pI of 5.6). NGF was found to increase markedly the synthesis of two secreted proteins, while it drastically reduced the synthesis of all others regardless of the substratum upon which the cells were maintained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1157-1175
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Neurite outgrowth and protein synthesis by PC12 cells as a function of substratum and nerve growth factor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this