Neural network identification of high-risk suicide patients

Ilan Modai*, Rena Kurs, Michael Ritsner, Svetlana Oklander, Henry Silver, Alexander Segal, Imri Goldberg, Shalom Mendel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A history of medically serious suicide attempts (MSSA) has been considered a major risk factor for suicide. Backpropagation (BP) neural networks (NN) successfully detected patient files of patients who had committed MSSA but failed to identify MSSA Primary objectives: To develop an expert support system for the detection of suicide risk in patients with major psychiatric disorders using fuzzy adaptive learning control networks (FALCON) and BP enhanced with fuzzy logic neural networks. Methods and procedures: We used four types of input sets: (a) the most significant variables as defined by Garson's calculation of trained BP; (b) variables identified by logistic regression; (c) variables considered significant by experienced clinicians; or (d) the variables considered definitive by the computer programmer. In addition, the complete set of 59 input variables was used. The target variable was the existence of prior MSSA. Experimental interventions: Four training trials were performed with each input set (75% of the data was used for training and 25% for testing). Data was collected from 197 (50 MSSA, 147 non-MSSA) patients hospitalized at Sha'ar Menashe Mental Health Centre. Main outcomes and results: BP enhanced with fuzzy logic achieved the most accurate results with the three variables chosen by the programmer (mean±SD; sensitivity=97%±3.4%, specificity=69.25%±6.9%), and FALCON trained with 15 variables chosen by an expert clinician obtained the highest sensitivity and specificity (mean±SD; sensitivity=94%±6.9%, specificity=69%±6.9%). Conclusions: A combined system of BP enhanced with fuzzy logic and FALCON may improve the detection rate of MSSA patients during patient interviews. A prospective validation study testing a combined system across 1, 2 and 5-year spans may provide a reliable instrument to aid in the detection of suicide prone psychiatric patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalMedical Informatics and the Internet in Medicine
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2002

Keywords

  • Backpropagation
  • FALCON
  • Fuzzy logic
  • Neural networks
  • Suicide

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