We aimed to describe a case of neovascular glaucoma (NVG) as a first presenting sign of catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) with heart valve aseptic vegetations known as Libman-Sacks endocarditis. A 39-year-old man was referred for left eye decreased visual acuity and pain, upon examination left eye high intraocular pressure; rubeosis iridis of both eyes (BE); and prominent retinal ischemia. Clinical and fluorescein angiography findings established the diagnosis of left eye NVG with vaso-occlusive disease in BE. Magnetic resonance imaging of the head showed widespread ischemic lesions and hemorrhagic foci. The transesophageal echocardiogram showed 2 big mitral valve lesions consistent with the diagnosis of Libman-Sacks endocarditis. Laboratory and clinical diagnosis of CAPS and suspected SLE was confirmed, and treatment with anticoagulants and IV steroids was initiated. This case demonstrates that severe vaso-occlusive retinopathy with severe brain ischemia should raise the suspicion of systemic autoimmune pro-coagulative diseases with heart valve aseptic vegetations.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Case Reports in Ophthalmology|
|State||Published - 20 Jul 2021|
- Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome
- Libman-Sacks endocarditis
- Neovascular glaucoma
- Vaso-occlusive retinopathy