Neonatal outcome after preimplantation genetic diagnosis

Talia Eldar-Geva*, Naama Srebnik, Gheona Altarescu, Irit Varshaver, Baruch Brooks, Ephrat Levy-Lahad, Ruben Bromiker, Michael S. Schimmel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To examine whether embryo biopsy for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) influences neonatal outcomes.

Design: Prospective follow-up cohort.

Setting: Tertiary university-affiliated medical center.

Patient(s): 242 children born after PGD, 242 children born after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) (158 singletons and 42 twins pairs in each group), and 733 children born after a spontaneous conception (SC) (493 singletons, 120 twins pairs), matched for maternal age, parity, and body mass index.

Intervention(s): None.

Main Outcome Measure(s): Gestational age, birth weight, prematurity (<37 and <34 weeks), low birth weight (<2,500 g, very low birth weight, <1,500 g), and intrauterine growth restriction (<10th percentile for gestational age).

Result(s): For singletons, the mean birth weight was higher after SC compared with ICSI but not compared with PGD. Mean gestational ages were lower after PGD and ICSI compared with SC. The low birth weight and intrauterine growth restriction rates were 4.4%, 12.0%, and 5.7% and 5.1%, 9.5%, and 5.5% for PGD, ICSI, and SC, respectively. Similar results were found when controlled for the number of embryos transferred and cryopreservation. The results for twins exhibited similar but less statistically significant trends. Polar body and blastomere biopsies provided similar outcomes.

Conclusion(s): Embryo biopsy itself did not cause intrauterine growth restriction or low birth weight compared with SC, despite lower gestational ages with PGD. The worsened outcomes in ICSI compared with PGD pregnancies may be due to the infertility itself.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1016-1021
Number of pages6
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Embryo biopsy
  • genetic diagnosis
  • intrauterine growth restriction
  • neonatal outcome
  • preimplantation
  • prematurity


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