Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for elderly patients with advanced stage ovarian carcinoma

Lina Salman*, Avi Ben-Haroush, Gad Sabah, Ariella Jakobson-Setton, Daliah Tsoref, Oded Raban, Effi Yeoshoua, Ram Eitan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The treatment of elderly patients with advanced stage ovarian carcinoma is challenging due to a high morbidity. Objectives: To evaluate the clinical course and outcome of elderly patients with advanced stage ovarian carcinoma receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of all patients with stage INC and IV ovarian carcinoma receiving NACT in one medical center (between 2005 and 2017). The study group criteria included age above 70 years. The control group criteria was younger than 70 years old at diagnosis. Demographics and treatment outcomes were compared between groups. Primary outcomes were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: Overall, 105 patients met the inclusion criteria, 71 patients (67.6%) were younger than 70 years and 34 patients (32.4%) older. Rates of interval cytoreduction were significantly higher in younger patients (76.1% vs. 50.0%, P = 0.01). Of those who underwent interval cytoreduction, no difference was found in rates of optimal debulking between groups (83.35% vs. 100%, P = 0.10). Using a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, no significant differences were observed between the PFS or OS groups, P > 0.05. Among the elderly group alone, patients who underwent interval cytoreduction had significantly longer PFS than those without surgical intervention (0.4 ± 1.7 vs. 19.3 ± 19.4 months, P = 0.001). Conclusions: Elderly patients with ovarian carcinoma who received NACT undergo less interval cytoreduction than younger patients, with no difference in PFS and OS. However, among the elderly, interval cytoreduction is associated with significantly higher PFS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-78
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume22
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Interval cytoreduction
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT)
  • Ovarian carcinoma
  • Overall survival

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