Neighbourhoods of isolated star forming dwarf galaxies

Noah Brosch*, Carmiya Bar-Or, Doron Malka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report the discovery of small groups of uncatalogued, compact, star forming (SF) dwarf galaxies (DGs) by Ha mapping of the neighbourhoods of apparently isolated, catalogued, SF DGs. Our sample consists of dwarf (M ≥ -18 mag) galaxies at least 2 Mpc away from any other catalogued galaxy. The galaxies were selected to exhibit Ha emission of any intensity, i.e. not selecting only strong starbursts, as an indicator of recent or on-going star formation with the goal of understanding why are they presently forming stars. We identified possible neighbours by imaging the galaxies and their surroundings through Ha filters centred at or near the redshift of the galaxy, and searching for localized Ha emission with the characteristics of the line emission from the sample galaxies. We identified 20 possible SF neighbour galaxies, 17 of them not previously catalogued, in three of the five search fields where we had good quality data, and present here their positions and, images and morphology, as well as some indications of binarity. The relatively large number of possible neighbour candidates, combined with their relative faintness, argue that it would be virtually impossible to identify truly isolated galaxies. It seems that the objects we selected as extremely isolated are probably the brightest members of sparse groups of galaxies, where the other members are also DGs that are presently forming stars. In order to enhance the confidence of this statement regular redshifts are required for our candidate neighbours.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)864-876
Number of pages13
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2006


  • Galaxies: dwarf
  • Galaxies: formation
  • Galaxies: irregular
  • Stars: formation


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