Necrotizing fasciitis of the skull base and neck in a patient with AIDS and non-hodgkin's lymphoma

Oren Cavel, Ziv Gil, Avi Khafif, Leonor Leider-Trejo, Yoram Segev, Ben Werner, Arie Pivarov, Dan M. Fliss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly progressing, life-threatening soft tissue bacterial infection found more frequently in immunocompromised subjects and rarely in the head and neck. We report a rare case of a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) who presented with a high fever and supraorbital cellulitis 1 week after undergoing chemotherapy. He received intravenous antibiotic therapy but soon developed dyspnea and trismus with rapid extension of the cellulitis to the face, ipsilateral infratemporal fossa (ITF), and bilateral neck. An awake tracheotomy was followed by surgical exploration and drainage and debridement of the supraorbital and ITF areas, parotid gland, and bilateral neck. He received intravenous antibiotic therapy and the surgical wound was regularly debrided for 10 days. Following a gradual recovery, the patient was discharged 2 weeks later. Early antibiotic therapy, wide surgical exploration, and a secured airway are the therapeutic mainstay for necrotizing fasciitis of the skull base and neck.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-205
Number of pages5
JournalSkull Base
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • HIV
  • Head and neck
  • Lymphoma immunosuppression
  • Necrotizing fasciitis

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