A natural IgM monoclonal antibody, 1.67, was generated from apparently healthy unstimulated BALB/c mice. This antibody reacted with L5178Y murine T cell lymphoma, with human Raji cells, and with several normal cells. Further analysis of its ligand binding capacity disclosed strong binding to single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). However, this naturally-occurring monoclonal antibody binds to different epitopes on cell membranes and on DNA than another anti-DNA monoclonal antibody (18/103/1) from human origin. This conclusion was based on competition assays. Furthermore, NOA 1.67 lacks the 16/6 idiotype expressed on the 18/103/1 antibody. The 16/6 idiotype is shared by human and mouse lupus monoclonal autoantibodies that bind simultaneously to lymphoid cells and DNA. This is a first report on a natural autoantibody that binds to malignant and to normal cell membrane(s) as well as to ssDNA. It may have regulatory functions controlling malignancy and or autoimmunity.
- Anti-DNA antibodies
- Natural antibodies