Natural killer cell HLA-C epitopes and killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors both influence outcome of mismatched unrelated donor bone marrow transplants

D. De Santis, A. Bishara, Campbell S. Witt, A. Nagler, C. Brautbar, S. Slavin, F. T. Christiansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Matching of donor and recipient for the class I human leukocyte antigen-C (HLA-C)-encoded natural killer (NK) epitopes has been reported to influence stem-cell (SC) graft outcome, but a consistent picture has not yet emerged. We have analyzed transplant outcome in 104 unrelated SC grafts in relation to NK epitope (C1 and C2) matching and donor killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genotype. NK epitope mismatching in the rejection direction was strongly associated with an increased probability of rejection subsequent to engraftment. The prevalence of grades III-IV acute graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) was significantly higher and occurred significantly earlier when there was NK epitope mismatching in the GVH direction. Higher transplant-related mortality and lower disease-free survival rates were associated with epitope mismatching regardless of the mismatch direction. A greater number of KIR receptors, both activating and inhibitory, in the donor protected against grades III-IV GVHD and improved survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-528
Number of pages10
JournalTissue Antigens
Volume65
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Engraftment
  • Graft-vs-host disease
  • KIR epitopes
  • KIR receptors
  • Natural killer cells
  • Rejection
  • Stem-cell transplantation

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