Nasal nitric oxide in sleep-disordered breathing in children

Guy Gut, Riva Tauman, Michal Greenfeld, Keren Armoni-Domany, Yakov Sivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Inflammation plays a role in the pathogenesis and consequences of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). The nasal mucosa and paranasal sinuses produce high levels of nitric oxide (NO). In asthma, exhaled NO is a marker of airway inflammation. There is only limited information whether nasal NO (nNO) accompanies also chronic upper airway obstruction, specifically, SDB. The objective of this study was to investigate nNO levels in children with SDB in comparison to healthy non-snoring children. Methods: Nasal NO was measured in children who underwent overnight polysomnographic studies due to habitual snoring and suspected SDB and in healthy non-snoring controls. Results: One hundred and eleven children participated in the study: 28 with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), 60 with primary snoring (PS), and 23 controls. Nasal NO levels were significantly higher in children with OSA and PS compared to controls (867.4 ± 371.5, 902.0 ± 330.9, 644.1 ± 166.5 ppb, respectively, p = 0.047). No difference was observed between children with OSA and PS. No correlations were found between nNO levels and any of the PSG variables, nor with age, BMI percentile or tonsils size. Conclusions: Compared to healthy controls, nNO is increased in children with SDB, but it is not correlated with disease severity. This is probably due to the local mechanical processes and snoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-308
Number of pages6
JournalSleep and Breathing
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • Nasal nitric oxide
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Primary snoring
  • Sleep-disordered breathing

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