Nanocrystal Assemblies: Current Advances and Open Problems

Carlos L. Bassani, Greg van Anders, Uri Banin, Dmitry Baranov, Qian Chen, Marjolein Dijkstra, Michael S. Dimitriyev, Efi Efrati, Jordi Faraudo, Oleg Gang, Nicola Gaston, Ramin Golestanian, G. Ivan Guerrero-Garcia, Michael Gruenwald, Amir Haji-Akbari, Maria Ibáñez, Matthias Karg, Tobias Kraus, Byeongdu Lee, Reid C. Van LehnRobert J. Macfarlane, Bortolo M. Mognetti, Arash Nikoubashman, Saeed Osat, Oleg V. Prezhdo, Grant M. Rotskoff, Leonor Saiz, An Chang Shi, Sara Skrabalak, Ivan I. Smalyukh, Mario Tagliazucchi, Dmitri V. Talapin, Alexei V. Tkachenko, Sergei Tretiak, David Vaknin, Asaph Widmer-Cooper, Gerard C.L. Wong, Xingchen Ye, Shan Zhou, Eran Rabani, Michael Engel, Alex Travesset*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We explore the potential of nanocrystals (a term used equivalently to nanoparticles) as building blocks for nanomaterials, and the current advances and open challenges for fundamental science developments and applications. Nanocrystal assemblies are inherently multiscale, and the generation of revolutionary material properties requires a precise understanding of the relationship between structure and function, the former being determined by classical effects and the latter often by quantum effects. With an emphasis on theory and computation, we discuss challenges that hamper current assembly strategies and to what extent nanocrystal assemblies represent thermodynamic equilibrium or kinetically trapped metastable states. We also examine dynamic effects and optimization of assembly protocols. Finally, we discuss promising material functions and examples of their realization with nanocrystal assemblies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14791-14840
Number of pages50
JournalACS Nano
Issue number23
StatePublished - 11 Jun 2024


FundersFunder number
Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara
Basic Energy Sciences
Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering
Ames National Laboratory
National Science FoundationPHY-1748958
National Science Foundation
U.S. Department of EnergyDE-AC02-07CH11358
U.S. Department of Energy
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation2919.02
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
Alexander von Humboldt-StiftungEAM-SG23-1
Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft416229255-SFB 1411
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft


    • assembly protocols
    • colloidal crystal
    • material properties
    • nanocrystal
    • nanocrystal assembly
    • nanoparticle
    • quantum dots
    • self-assembly
    • structure prediction
    • superlattice


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