NADH oxidation and NAD+ reduction catalysed by tightly coupled inside-out vesicles from Paracoccus denitrificans

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Abstract

Tightly coupled inside-out vesicles were prepared from Paracoccus denitrificans cells (SPP, sub-Paracoccus particles) and characterized kinetically. The rate of NADH oxidation, catalysed by SPP, increases 6-8 times on addition of gramicidin. The vesicles are capable of catalysing ΔμH+-dependent reverse electron transfer from quinol to NAD+. The kinetic parameters of the NADH-oxidase and the reverse electron transfer carried out by membrane-bound P. denitrificans complex I were estimated and compared with those of the mitochondrial enzyme. The data demonstrate that catalytic properties of the dinucleotide-binding site of the bacterial and mitochondrial complex I are almost identical, pointing out similar organization of the site in mammals and P. denitrificans. Inhibition of the bacterial complex I by a specific inhibitor of Q reduction, rotenone, is very different from that of the mitochondrial enzyme. The inhibitor is capable of suppressing the NADH oxidation reaction only at micromolar concentrations, while the activity of mitochondrial enzyme is suppressed by nanomolar concentrations of rotenone. In contrast to the mitochondrial enzyme, rotenone, even at concentrations as high as 10 μM, does not inhibit the reverse, ΔμH+-dependent NAD+-reductase reaction on SPP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4020-4024
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume269
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Complex I
  • NADH:Q oxidoreductase
  • Paracoccus denitrificans
  • Reverse electron transfer
  • Rotenone

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